Davis Index: Market Intelligence for the Global Metals and Recycled Materials Markets

Vedanta’s Q4 FY2020 revenues dropped by 16pc from the prior-year quarter to Rs19,513 crore ($1,475.37bn) as commodity prices slumped due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lower volumes in Vedanta’s zinc, oil & gas, steel business along with lower sales in power segment was partially offset by increased volumes in aluminium and iron ore segment and rupee depreciation in Q4. 


For the quarter, Vedanta reported a loss of Rs12,083 crore, compared to a profit of Rs3,218 in the year-ago quarter as the company took an exceptional loss of Rs17,132 crore for FY2020 on impairment of assets in its copper, iron ore and oil and gas businesses. This is in-line with the company’s plans to delist from the Indian stock exchanges.


Compared to Q3 revenues dipped by 8pc on the back of lower commodity prices, lower volume at aluminium business and lower sales in power segment, past exploration cost recovery in oil & gas business in Q3 were partially offset by increased sales volume at zinc & iron ore business and rupee depreciation.


For the full year, revenue was at Rs83,545 crore, lower by 8pc from the prior year due to subdued commodity prices and lower volume Zinc India, besides upsets in oil and gas and power business segment. The loss in revenue was partially offset by increased volume from Gamsberg operations, improved sales at aluminium, iron ore and steel businesses, besides past oil and gas exploration cost recovery and rupee depreciation.


EBITDA for Q4 was at Rs4,844crore, lower by 23pc from the prior-year period, while for the FY2020 it was at Rs21,060crore. 


Zinc India production

Q4 Performance

Metal in Concentrate (MIC) production rose by 6pc to 249,000mt  

Metal production rose by 1pc to 221,000mt from the prior-year period.

Cost of production $997/mt, down 7pc from the prior-year period



MIC production 917,000mt, down by 2pc

Metal Production 870,000mt, down by 3pc

COP at $1,047/mt, up by 4pc


Zinc International

Q4 Performance

Production at 57,000mt, down by 5pc from the prior-year period

Cost of production $1,784/mt, up by 13pc



Production at 240,000mt, up by 63pc

Cost of production at $1.665/mt, down by 13pc


Q4 Performance at Gamsberg 

Production at 30,000mt, 13,000mt in January alone

Cost of production at $1,484/mt ($892/mt exclusive of TCRX) up by 4pc


FY2020 Gamsberg

Production ramped up to 108,000mt

COP at $1,445/mt ($915/mt exclusive TCRC)




Q4 Performance

Production at Lanjigarh remained unchanged at 479,000mt from the prior-year period

Cost of production (Aluminium) at $1,451/mt, down by 14pc from the prior-year period

Alumina cost of production at $258/mt, down by 4pc from the prior-year period.



Aluminium production of 1.9mn mt in FY2020, down by 3pc from FY2019

1.8mn mt of alumina, 21pc up from the prior-year period 

Alumina cost of production in FY2020 at $275/mt, down by 15pc

Chotia mine annual capacity ramped at 1mn mt


Iron Ore

Q4 Performance

Iron Ore Karnataka sales at 1.6mn mt, up by 8pc from the prior-year period.

Pig Iron Production at 148,000mt down by 17pc from the prior-year period.



Extraction of iron ore in Karnataka at 4.4mn mt, up by 6pc from the prior-year period.

Iron ore sales in Karnataka climbed up to 5.8mn mt, up by 125pc from the prior-year period.

Pig iron production dropped by 1pc to 681,000mt in 2020.



Q4 Performance

Production at 320,000mt, up by 1pc from the prior-year period

Sales at 305,000mt, down by 4pc from the prior-year period

Margins rose by 132pc to $127/mt from the prior-year period



Steel production at 1.23mn mt, up by 3pc from the prior-year period.

Sales remained unchanged at 1.17mn mt from FY2019

Margins dropped by 32pc at $78/mt due to subdued steel prices in the domestic market and macro-economic factors.


COVID-19 impact

Vedanta is focused on the export market in the view of reduced domestic demand, the company said. During the pandemic lockdown in India, Vedanta continued production as its operations were deemed “essential” by the government, but temporary disruption led to 20pc cut in capacity utilization, which was ramped to 10pc to reach 90pc of the normative level. Vedanta stated that all its sites were operational, but the pandemic has impacted the global commodity market and weak prices are seen across the bulk metals market.


($1= Rs75.61)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.